One of Vietnamese culture is to listen to Tan Co. Most Vietnamese favorite title Qua Nha. Read more to listen to audio feed and related video clips.
Vietnamese History: Historical accounts
According to old historical records Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư and Khâm Định Việt Sử Thông Giám Cương Mục, Thục Phán was a prince of the Chinese state of Shu, sent by his father first to explore the southern Chinese provinces of Guangxi and Yunnan and second to move their people to modern day northern Vietnam during the invasion of the Qin Dynasty.
However, modern Vietnamese scholars claim that “Thục Phán” was a native Austro-Asiatic name which meant “God of crossbow”, and that he was an ancient Vietnamese.
Regardless, Vietnamese people consider Au Lac to have been an independent Vietnamese state without the reservations that surround the more disputed issue of Trieu Da and his kingdom of Nam Viet.
Thục Phán apparently came upon the Âu Việt (甌越) territory (modern-day northernmost Vietnam, western Guangdong, and southern Guangxi province, with its capital in what is today the Cao Bang Province). After assembling an army, he defeated King Hùng Vương (雄王) XVIII, the last ruler of the Hồng Bàng Dynasty, around 257 BCE. He proclaimed himself An Dương Vương (安陽王), “King An Dương”. He then renamed his newly acquired state from Văn Lang to Âu Lạc (甌雒/甌駱) and established the new capital at Phong Khê in the present-day Phú Thọ Province in North Vietnam. Cổ Loa Thành (Co Loa Citadel), the spiral-shaped fortress/barricade which he also built, lies approximately ten miles north of that new capital.No longer available
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